During war, individuals with mental health difficulties may experience a worsening of existing symptoms or the development of new ones. These can include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), acute stress disorder (ASD), anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, nightmares, flashbacks, dissociation, aggression, paranoia, suicidal thoughts and behaviors. These symptoms can impair their ability to cope with the situation and endanger their health and safety.
It is important to emphasize to people dealing with mental hardship during war that they are not alone and can get help – emotional and practical support. They should be encouraged to seek professional help from mental health services or organizations that specialize in helping those struggling. It is also recommended to strive for support from their families, friends and caregivers who can provide them with emotional, practical and financial assistance.
Treatments that may help include medication such as medications that can reduce distress and stabilize mood depending on the diagnosis and symptoms. Non-pharmacological treatments such as psychotherapy, counseling, support groups, relaxation techniques like mindfulness meditation yoga art therapy music therapy animal therapy among others can also be beneficial. Additionally maintaining a regular routine of eating well getting enough sleep exercising relaxing avoiding alcohol drugs can improve overall quality of life.