The National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) has recently published a study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology that highlights the importance of controlling risk factors for atherosclerosis in young people. The study found that arteries in younger individuals are more susceptible to damage due to high cholesterol and blood pressure, possibly because they are less exposed to aging.
The results of this research emphasize the need for aggressive control of risk factors to begin at an earlier age, with a focus on primary prevention strategies. The authors urge for early screening for subclinical atherosclerosis and aggressive management of risk factors to alleviate the global burden of cardiovascular disease.
Lifestyle modifications such as diet changes, reducing alcohol consumption, and lowering salt intake can help control cholesterol levels and blood pressure. If these measures are not effective, pharmacological treatments may be necessary. However, the researchers stress that atherosclerosis can be reversed if aggressive interventions are implemented early on.
The study also estimates that 30% of people between 40 and 45 years old have atherosclerosis in some arterial segment, highlighting the importance of early intervention and control of risk factors in young adults as a preventive measure. By implementing these recommendations, doctors can help prevent cardiovascular disease in younger generations and reduce its impact on global health outcomes.