A new United Nations report released on Monday has revealed that almost half of the world’s migratory species are facing a population decline. This puts birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks and other migratory animals at risk of extinction due to factors such as habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change.
The lead author of the report, Kelly Malsch, emphasized the importance of stopover sites for migratory species. Migration is a crucial element of the survival of some species, and endangering this process could lead to their extinction. The report relied on data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
At a U.N. meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, participants will review proposals for conservation measures and consider adding new species to the lists of concern. These decisions are crucial as one country alone cannot save any of these species.
In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada. This includes protecting two South American species of declining Amazon catfish that were proposed to be added to the list of migratory species of concern by eight South American governments at the meeting because protecting the Amazon River basin -the largest freshwater system in the world- is essential for their survival.